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Politics (from Greek: Politiká: Politika, definition “affairs of the cities”) is the process of making decisions applying to all members of each group. More narrowly, it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance — organized control over a human community, particularly a state. Furthermore, politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community (this is usually a hierarchically organized population) as well as the interrelationship(s) between communities.
The word comes from the same Greek word from which the title of Aristotle’s book Politics (Πολιτικά, Politika) also derives; politika means “affairs of the cities”, in turn from Latin politicus, which is the Latinization of the Greek πολιτικός (politikos), meaning amongst others “of, for, or relating to citizens”, in turn from πολίτης (polites), “citizen” and that from πόλις (polis), “city”.
A variety of methods are deployed in politics, which include promoting or forcing one’s own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries. Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to the international level.
It is very often said that politics is about power. A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a given society. History of political thought can be traced back to early antiquity, with seminal works such as Plato‘s Republic and Aristotle‘s Politics.